A P45 Small Float Level Control Switch Plastic Float Switch is a type of level sensor, a device used to detect the level of liquid within a tank.These float switches can be used in projects like hydroponics, saltwater tank, freshwater tank, gardening, aquariums for power head control, pet bowls, fish tanks, filtration, heating, pumps, ponds, basement alarms, boats, air condition drain pans, pressure washers, carpet cleaning mach, reef aquarium, fluid control, ice machines, coffee pots, marine, automotive, automobiles, tropical fish tanks, evaporator coils,
How Magnetic Reed Liquid Level Sensors Work:-
The purpose of a float switch is to open or close a circuit as the level of a liquid rises or falls. Most float switches are "normally closed," meaning the two wires coming from the top of the switch complete a circuit when the float is at its low point, resting on its bottom clip or stop (for example, when a tank is dry).
Most float switches utilize a magnetic reed switch to open or close the circuit. The reed is encased in a glass tube, which is cemented into a plastic or stainless steel stem with epoxy. The illustration to the left demonstrates how a magnet can be used to open or close a circuit by moving it closer to or farther away from a reed switch.
When the magnet comes close to the two contacts, they draw together and touch, allowing current to pass through. When the magnet is moved away, the contacts demagnetize and separate, breaking the circuit.
In a float switch, the magnetic reed switch is hermetically sealed in a stem, most often made from plastic or stainless steel. The float encases a sealed magnet, which moves up and down the length of the stem as a fluid level rises and falls.
As the magnet passes by the contacts in the encased reed switch, they draw together and complete a circuit between the two lead wires.
The operation shown can usually be reversed by removing the bottom clip from the switch, inverting the float and replacing the clip. When this change is made, the switch circuit will be open when the float is resting on the bottom clip and closed when the float rises.